AUGUST 25, 2021 – It is possible to get an American education not only in the civilian field but also in the military field. To enroll, an international student must obtain a referral from his home country. Sometimes U.S. military academies work out special exchange programs that make the process easier for applicants from foreign countries.
U.S. military education
According to doctrine, a U.S. officer must be well-rounded, intelligent, and in great physical shape. Besides professional skills, military schools develop leadership, command skills, and discipline. Education in the field of maintaining the country’s defense capabilities is supervised by the ministries for each branch of the armed forces. Each has a corresponding department in charge of training and academic programs.
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There are three main structures within the educational system for training military personnel:
- U.S. military academies, colleges, and schools;
- ROTC (Reserve Officers Training Corps) – training of reservists at civilian universities;
- direct enrollment in the army.
Cadet recruitment programs are divided into long-term and annual. This determines the quotas for admission, including the number of places for international students. Competition is high and keeps at least 10 people per place. Graduates of specialized universities make up more than half of the officer corps of the U.S. military forces. Foreign students after graduation have to serve in their home country.
U.S. Military Educational Institutions
All military educational institutions in America are divided according to the level of training. All highly specialized universities are funded by the state. Graduates from among US citizens have to serve in the chosen kind of troops.
The American system of higher military education includes:
- military academies of branches of the armed forces;
- military educational institutions in which officers receive higher military education;
- retraining and refresher courses;
- specialized military educational institutions;
- an institute for distance learning for military personnel;
- Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) courses at civilian institutions of higher education;
- Officer Candidate Schools (Army and Marine Corps) and the Air Force Officer Training School.
At civilian colleges, military training is provided through ROTC courses. Professional military officers may begin their education while still in school. But many choose this major when they enter college. Institutions of higher learning have traditionally been called “schools,” but this is a tribute to tradition. They offer bachelor’s and master’s degrees. In some, it is possible to go to graduate school.
Top military schools in the United States
Military schools of various branches of the armed forces accept young men and women on an equal basis. But the latter, according to statistics, do not exceed 11%. This is partly because there are no women in the departments that study the operation of combat weapons. The training program in military schools lasts for 4 years.
The best U.S. military academies, known far beyond the U.S., steadily hold the top spots in various rankings. Consider the top three:
West Point – Army Military Academy
One of the oldest educational institutions in the country is located in New York State. Americans are very proud of the fact that George Washington founded this academy. The educational institution received the status of the academy in 1802.
The United States Naval Academy
The United States Naval Academy is located in the state of Maryland, the city of Annapolis. It was opened in 1845 and purposely removed from the largest cities at the time to eliminate the temptations of civilian life for students. Admission of applicants to the academy was based on recommendations from U.S. congressmen. The U.S. Naval Academy is considered a guardian of the officer tradition.
The United States Air Force Academy
The year of the foundation of the academy is 1954 and is associated with the appearance of a separate type of troops in the American army – the air force. It is located in Colorado Springs. Has its base for the flight practice of students.
After graduation, future officers don’t go straight to their duty station. They first undergo courses in their military profession in special schools with the relevant troops. These courses last four to eight weeks. Graduates from these schools enjoy a more privileged position and a successful career.
Despite the various peculiarities of admission to military schools in America, the procedure includes several mandatory steps. First, applicants are nominated by the authorities of the country they represent (also relevant to U.S. citizens).
The candidate must prove his high school knowledge, physical health, and training. International students take a required international language examination in English. The age of applicants ranges from 17 to 23 years old.
The educational program mandatorily includes physical training. Upon admission, the candidate will have to undergo an examination and provide certificates of health and the absence of infections.
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