Army PromotionsThe Army uses three systems to decide what enlisted members will get promoted.
Decentralized Promotions (E-2 through E-4)
Promotion Criteria is set by the Army to ensure that the "promotion flow" remains stable, and everyone (regardless of MOS) can expect to be promoted at about the same time-frame. Exceptions may apply such as if you join at an advanced rank, for certain accomplishments, or for soldiers in Special Forces.
Semi centralized Promotions (E-5 and E-6)
The process for both zones begins with "Administrative Points." A soldier receives promotion points for various accomplishments, such as military decorations, and Physical Fitness Test scores.
Some categories count more than others. After the points are determined in the above sections each soldier physically appears before the promotion board. Each board members ask a series of questions, and scores the candidate in several areas such as:
The average of the scores becomes the soldier's "promotion board points". The board consists of at least three voting members and one nonvoting member (the recorder). The President of the Board is the senior member. All members of the board must be at least one grade senior to those being considered for promotion . If available, there must be at least one voting member of the same sex as the soldiers being considered. This group is then responsible for viewing the figures and voting on recommendation. It is a requirement for promotion eligibility. During the final step the board points are added to the administrative points and a decision is made.
Centralized Promotions (E-7, E-8, and E-9)
EnlistedCongress passes the Defense Authorization Act each year. This is how the number of Army members that can be on active duty in the upcoming year is determined. By separate legislation, Congress limits what percentage of the total active duty force can serve in each commissioned officer rank, what percentage of the total active duty force can serve in each warrant officer rank, and what percentage of the active duty force can serve in each enlisted rank above the grade of E-4 (there are no statutory limits for E-4 and below). These amounts are then the foundation of the Army enlisted promotion system.
OfficerPromotion selection is conducted fairly and equitably by boards composed of mature, experienced, senior officers. Each board consists of different members, and women and minority members are routinely appointed. A typical board is presided over by a general officer and consists of 18-21 officers in a grade senior to that of those being considered for promotion. The board membership reviews the entire performance portion of the official record of every officer being considered for promotion. Selection boards recommend those officers who, in the collective judgment of the board, are best qualified for promotion and future service in the Army.
The Officer Promotions Section supports the field by establishing and announcing zones of consideration; processing and releasing promotion board selection results; publishing monthly promotion orders; publishing monthly promotion forecasts; and by providing opinions to the Army Board for Correction of Military Records (ABCMR). The office also responds to inquiries from officers, Army senior leadership, and Congressional and White House correspondence.
Helpful Links to Army Promotion Details: